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Quick Guide for Raspberry Pi Users: Raspberry Pi Terminal Commands

Are you looking for a way to get the most out of your Raspberry Pi? With these Raspberry Pi terminal commands, you'll have complete control.

Quick Guide for Raspberry Pi Users Raspberry Pi Terminal Commands

Have you gotten your hands on a Raspberry Pi but aren't sure how to use Linux? While the main desktop is simple to use, you will occasionally need to utilize the terminal to enter commands. This is easier said than done if you're new to the Raspbian operating system and Linux.

If you're working on a weekend project with a Raspberry Pi computer (maybe a media center or a home server), these Raspberry Pi command line instructions will likely save you time.

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Raspberry Pi Commands: Using Linux

You've imaged your SD card and booted your Raspberry Pi, which is now running the Raspbian operating system, which has been updated and customized to make your Raspberry Pi more efficient.

You might not know it, but Raspbian is a Linux distribution, despite the Windows-style icon-driven interface. Raspberry Pi can run a variety of operating systems, the great majority of which are Linux-based.

This isn't an underhanded attempt to get folks to choose Linux! Linux may be installed on a wide variety of devices. Rather, due of their open source roots and adaptability, the Raspberry Pi Foundation relies on Linux operating systems. While you may use Linux without using the command line, the command line is where the true power resides.

Do you want complete control over your Raspberry Pi running Raspbian? To begin, open LX Terminal or boot to the command prompt.

5 Crucial Update Commands for the Raspberry Pi

We wouldn't expect you to go right into utilising the command line without first learning how to use it. It is, in essence, a technique of telling the computer to do activities without the need of a mouse.

When you log in to the terminal, look for the pi@raspberrypi $ prompt. When this is shown, you can input commands.

Updating your Raspberry Pi should probably be the first command you learn from the command line. If you're using Raspbian, updating and upgrading the Pi's sources and operating system is as simple as running three or four commands:

  • sudo apt-get update
  • sudo apt-get upgrade
  • sudo apt-get dist-upgrade
  • sudo rpi-update
Combine these into a single chained command to save time:

  • sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade && sudo apt-get dist-upgrade && sudo rpi-update

5 Command Line Basics for Raspberry Pi

Switching folders and reading their contents is simple with a mouse-driven GUI. Text-based commands, on the other hand, may be preferred for their versatility.
  • The command pwd displays the current directory (print working directory).
  • The command ls displays a list of the directory's contents.
  • The command cd is used to swap directories. For example, cd edward will take you to the "Edward" child directory, whereas cd.. will take you back to the parent directory.
  • mkdir newdir The directory label "newdir" is used to establish a new directory. You may also use mkdir -p /home/edward/newdir1/newdir2 to create a series of new directories, but only with the -p option.
  • If your earlier instructions have cluttered things up, clear will show a clean fresh screen.

These command-line fundamentals are simple to learn. Because certain files and directories are invisible to the mouse-driven file manager, being able to browse via the command line is important.

10 Raspberry Pi Hardware Info Commands

You can quickly obtain hardware information on a Windows PC or Mac by browsing in System Information or About This Mac. Enter the following to learn more about your Raspberry Pi's hardware:

  • cat /proc/cpuinfo

Quick Guide for Raspberry Pi Users: Raspberry Pi Terminal Commands

This will provide information on the CPU on the device. When you see "BCM2708" on a chip, for example, it means it was made by Broadcom.

Use these proc directory commands to find out more about your hardware.

  • The command cat /proc/meminfo provides information about the RAM on the Raspberry Pi.
  • The command cat /proc/partitions displays the number and size of partitions on your SD card or hard drive.
  • The command cat /proc/version displays the Pi's current version.

Quick Guide for Raspberry Pi Users: Raspberry Pi Terminal Commands
These instructions will help you figure out what your Raspberry Pi is capable of. It doesn't stop there, though. Using the vcgencmd set of commands, you may learn more:

  • vcgencmd measure_temp displays the CPU temperature (essential if ventilation is an issue).
  • The memory divide between the CPU and GPU may be changed on the settings screen using vcgencmd get_mem arm && vcgencmd get_mem gpu.
  • The command free -o -h displays the amount of system memory available.
  • top d1 examines your CPU's load and displays information for all cores.
  • The command df -h may be used to rapidly check the amount of free disc space on your Raspberry Pi.
    Quick Guide for Raspberry Pi Users: Raspberry Pi Terminal Commands
  • uptime is a simple command that shows the load average of the Raspberry Pi.

Checking Connected Devices with 3 Commands

Linux allows you to list devices attached to your computer in the same way that you can list the contents of a directory with a single command.

  • The command ls /dev/sda* lists the partitions on the SD card. Substitute hda* for sda* on a Raspberry Pi with a hard drive.
  • lsusb shows you all of the USB devices that are connected to your computer. When attaching a hard disc drive or other USB devices that requires setup, this is critical.
    Quick Guide for Raspberry Pi Users: Raspberry Pi Terminal Commands

You should be able to set up the item if it is mentioned here.
  • You may also use the list command lsblk. This shows information about all of the block devices that are connected (storage that reads and writes in blocks).

Raspberry Pi Shutdown and Restart Commands

Sudo is maybe the most essential command line option. This single phrase tells Linux-based systems that the next command should be run with "super user" privileges. This is a higher degree of access on Windows systems, similar to (but not identical to) administrator.
3 Commands to Shutdown and Restart Raspberry Pi

Sudo raspi-config is one of the most commonly used commands among Raspbian users. This brings up the operating system's setup panel (there is also a desktop version found via main menu). The following three commands might come in handy:
  • startx will launch the Raspberry Pi GUI (graphical user interface) and then return you to the Raspbian desktop.
  • sudo shutdown -h now will immediately start the shutdown procedure. Schedule a shutdown using the following format: sudo shutdown -h 21:55
  • The command sudo reboot is used to reboot the Raspberry Pi from the command line.

Terminal Commands on the Raspberry Pi Are Powerful

Command line access on any platform is daunting for many individuals.

The helpful commands given here are an attempt to provide the bare minimum for a Raspberry Pi beginner to get started with the terminal, a tiny stepping stone toward success with any Pi project they choose to begin.

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